Transformasi Makna Leksikal dalam Bahasa Indonesia Mutakhir: Analisis Wacana Termediasi Komputer

Duddy Zein, NFN Wagiati, Nani Darmayanti


The complex interactions between different social and cultural groups have a significant impact on language. These changes can affect various aspects of language, from those phonetics, lexical, and semantics, to syntax. This paper aims to analyze and reveal various semantic changes that occur in the Indonesian language caused by the development of technology and information. Several lexical units, surf, roam, home, tablet, google, zoom, status, crispy, and organic are several of many examples. Overall, these types of language change can be characterized by the emergence of new concepts in various fields. Semantic changes can be classified into various types, including metaphorical transfers, metonymic transfers, and semantic transformations. All these phenomena are examined in the framework of computer-mediated discourse. This study uses a structural research method of meaning analysis and involves a comparative study between the lexical meaning and the contextual meaning of the lexical unit being analyzed. This study concludes that there is a semantic shift in the Indonesian language-its quality and the impact on Indonesian language and culture, in general, requires further research and a more detailed linguistic description.



Interaksi yang kompleks antara kelompok sosial dan budaya yang berbeda berdampak signifikan terhadap bahasa. Perubahan-perubahan tersebut dapat berpengaruh pada berbagai aspek bahasa, mulai dari fonetik, leksikal, semantik, hingga sintaksis. Tulisan ini bertujuan menganalisis dan mengungkapkan beragam perubahan semantis yang terjadi pada bahasa Indonesia yang disebabkan oleh perkembangan teknologi dan informasi. Beberapa unit leksikal, selancar, jelajah, beranda, tablet, google, zoom, status, garing, dan organik, dijadikan sebagai percontoh. Secara keseluruhan, jenis perubahan bahasa itu dapat ditandai dengan munculnya konsep-konsep baru di berbagai bidang. Perubahan semantik dapat diklasifikasikan atas berbagai jenis, di antaranya transfer metaforis, transfer metonimis, dan transformasi semantis. Semua gejala tersebut dikaji dalam kerangka wacana termediasi komputer. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian struktural analisis makna dan melibatkan studi perbandingan antara makna leksikal dan makna kontekstual dari unit leksikal yang dianalisis. Penulis menyimpulkan adanya pergeseran semantik dalam bahasa Indonesia yang penilaian dan pengaruhnya terhadap bahasa dan budaya Indonesia secara umum memerlukan penelitian lebih lanjut dan deskripsi linguistik yang lebih terperinci.


computer-mediated discourse analysis; discourse; Indonesian language; lexical; meaning

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