Representasi Tekstual terhadap Pemberitaan Festival Hak Asasi Manusia 2021 di Media Elektronik

NFN Rahmawati, Nada Fadhilah, Tiara Vidya Amalia, Khaerudin Kurniawan

Abstract


Textual Representation of the 2021 Human Rights Festival News in Electronic Media

This study aims to describe the differences in human rights news reporting in the iNews Pagi, Kabar Utama tvOne, and Tribunnews Update programs. This study used a qualitative descriptive method with the help of Norman Fairclough's theory of critical discourse analysis, especially the analysis of textual representation. The data were in the form of the transcription of the news "Moeldoko Diusir Massa" in Kabar Utama tvOne"Moeldoko Diusir Aktivis HAM" in iNews Pagi, and “Detik-Detik Moeldoko Kena Skakmat & Diusir” in Tribunnews Update at the period of 18-19 November 2021. The data were collected by listening and note-taking techniques. Based on the results of the analysis, Kabar Utama tvOne and Tribunnews Update programs used the words diusir, penolakan and ditolak . The grammar used showed the situation. Besides, the intra-sentence conjunctions used yang and dan as explanations and additions in sentences, and namun as a conjunction between sentences. Meanwhile, in iNews Pagi reporting, the dominant clause used active transitive sentences with menolak and mengusir. Then, the coherence between one clause and another had a foreground relationship that supports each other. The similarity of the data was the series of clauses and clause combinations, while the difference was in the clauses.


Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan perbedaan pemberitaan Festival Hak Asasi Manusia tahun 2021 dalam program iNews Pagi, Kabar Utama tvOne, dan Tribunnews Update. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif dengan teori analisis wacana kritis Fairclough. Data penelitian ini berupa transkripsi pemberitaan “Moeldoko Diusir Massa” di Kabar Utama tvOne, “Moeldoko Diusir Aktivis HAM” di iNews Pagi, dan “Detik-Detik Moeldoko Kena Skakmat & Diusir” di Tribunnews Update periode 18—19 November 2021 yang dikumpulkan dengan teknik simak dan catat. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, Kabar Utama tvOne dan Tribunnews Update menggunakan kata diusir dan penolakan atau ditolak, tajuk berita menunjukkan keadaan, dan penggunaan kata hubung yang dan dan sebagai penjelas dan penambahan dalam kalimat, serta adanya penggunaan kata hubung antarkalimat namun. Dalam pemberitaan iNews Pagi, anak kalimat dominan menggunakan kalimat aktif transitif dengan kata menolak dan mengusir dan antaranak kalimat memiliki hubungan latar depan yang saling mendukung. Persamaan data terletak pada rangkaian anak kalimat dan kombinasi anak kalimat, sedangkan perbedaannya terletak pada anak kalimat.


Keywords


iNews; Fairclough; textual representations; Tribunnews Update; tvOne

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dijk, T. A. van. (1996). Discourse, power and access. In C. R. C. Coulthard & M. Coulthard (Eds.). Texts and Practices: Reading and Critical Discourse Analysis pp. 84–104). London: Routledge.

Eriyanto. (2011). Analisis Wacana. Yogyakarta: LKiS Yogyakarta.

Fairclough, N. (1995). Critical Discourse Analysis: The critical study of language. London: Longman Publishing.

Fairclough, N. (2001). Critical Discourse Analysis as a Method in Social Scientific Research. In R. Wodak & M. Meyer (Ed.), Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis, pp. 121–138). London: Sage Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.4135/9780857028020.n6

Fairclough, N. (2003). Analyzing Discourse: Textual analysis for social research. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203697078

Fairclough, N. (2015). Language and Power (C. Candlin (ed.). London: Routledge.

Kartikasari, S. (2020). Analisis Wacana Kritis Nourman Fairclough terhadap Pemberitaan Jokowi Naikkan Iuran BPJS Tengah Pandemi. An-Nida, 12(2), 113–124.

Kusumadewi, E. W., & Rusdi, F. (2016). Analisis Framing Pemberitaan Kisruh Partai Golkar Pasca Keputusan Menkumham dalam Program Dialog Primetime News Metro TV dan Kabar Petang TVOne. Komunikasi, 8(2), 189–206.

Leeuwen, T. van. (1993). Genre and field in critical discourse analysis: a synopsis. Discourse & Society, 4(2), 193–223. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926593004002004

Leeuwen, T. van. (1996). The representation of social actors. In C.R.C. Coulthard & M. Coulthard (Eds.). Texts and Practices: Reading and Critical Discourse Analysis, pp. 32–70). London: Routledge.

Lemke, J. L. (2003). Texts and Discourse in the Technologies of Social Organization. In G. Weiss & R. Wodak (Eds.), Critical Discourse Analysis, pp. 130–149). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230514560_7

Locke, T. (2004). Critical Discourse Analysis. London: Continuum.

Maier, S. R. (2019). News coverage of human rights: Investigating determinants of media attention. Journalism, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884919832722

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. London: Sage Publications, Inc.

Official iNews. (2021). Moeldoko Diusir Aktivis HAM. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g8gpyzHNOas.

Pini, M. (2011). The Discourses of Educational Management Organizations: A Political Design. In R. Rogers (Ed.), An Introduction to Critical Discourse Analysis in Education, pp. 267–291. London: Routledge.

Powers, M. (2016). A new era of human rights news? Contrasting two paradigms of human rights news-making. Journal of Human Rights, 15(3), 314–329. https://doi.org/10.1080/14754835.2015.1106309

Rahayu, S. P. (2015). Analisis Wacana Iklan Perawatan Kulit Wajah pada Majalah Femme Actuelle (Pendekatan Mikrostruktural dan Makrostruktural). Diksi, 23(1), 67–76. https://doi.org/10.21831/diksi.v23i1.6626

Richardson, J. E. (2007). Analyzing Newspapers: An Approach from Critical Discourse Analysis. London: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-230-20968-8

Safira, N. F., Herman, A., & Alatas, R. (2022). Analisis Wacana Kekerasan Seksual terhadap Perempuan dalam Pemberitaan Republika Online. Kajian Jurnalisme, 5(2), 177. https://doi.org/10.24198/jkj.v5i2.36524

Setiawan, T. (2014). Ancangan Awal Praktik Analisis Wacana Kritis. Diksi, 2(22), 111–120. https://doi.org/10.21831/diksi.v2i22.3170

Sheibeh, P., & Deedari, R. (2015). Norman Fairclough’s Textually Oriented Discourse Analysis in Vladimir Nabokov’s Pale Fire. The Journal for English Language and Literary Studies, V(iii), 1–13.

Tribunnews Update. (2021). Detik-Detik Moeldoko Kena Skakmat & Diusir. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mb5kdPqHD-A

tvOneNews. (2021). Moeldoko Diusir Massa. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dLRGXKBldUA.

Widdowson, H. G. (2004). Text, Context, Pretext: Critical Issues in Discourse Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell Publisher. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470758427

Widiyaningrum, W., & Wahid, U. (2021). Analisis Wacana Sara Mills tentang Kasus Kekerasan Seksual terhadap Perempuan (Studi Pemberitaan Media Tribunnews.com dan Tirto.id). Gender Equality, 7(1), 14–32. https://doi.org/10.22373/equality.v7i1.8743

Wodak, R. (2001). What CDA is about - a summary of its history, important concepts and its developments. In R. Wodak & M. Meyer (Eds.), Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis, pp. 1–13). London: Sage Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.4135/9780857028020.n1




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/surbet.v17i1.345

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

  Laman Bahasa Ristekdikti Creative Commons License 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.